HowtoGetaChineseDriversLicense,asofSep2022

Presuming you are in fact a licensed driver elsewhere, getting a Chinese drivers license is simple but will take you about a week’s time and will eat up a few hours of paperwork collection and a few hours of test prep.

假设你在别的地方是一个有驾照的司机,拿到中国的驾照很简单,但是需要花费你大约一个星期的时间,并且需要花费几个小时的文书工作和几个小时的考试准备。

(If you’ve never had a license before, that’s another story entirely – there’s more tests and possibly the requirement of enrolling in a local driving course — and is beyond the scope of this article.).

(如果你以前从未有过驾照,那就完全是另外一回事了——还有更多的考试,可能还有报名参加当地驾驶课程的要求——这已经超出了本文的范围。).

If you work for a foreign embassy or consulate or are a representative of an international organization, you may be exempt from the below under the principle of diplomatic reciprocity. Also, if you hold a driving license issued by Belgium or the United Arab Emirates, you may also be exempt, again under a reciprocity agreement.

如果你为外国大使馆或领事馆工作,或者你是一个国际组织的代表,根据外交互惠原则,你可以不受以下条款的限制。此外,根据互惠协议,如果你持有比利时或阿拉伯联合酋长国颁发的驾驶执照,你也可能被豁免。

As for the rest of us, you will be required to take a written theory test consisting of 100 questions, all of which are either multiple choice or true or false.

至于我们其他人,将被要求参加一个包含100个问题的笔试,所有这些问题要么是多项选择,要么是正确的,要么是错误的。

The test is available in ten languages, including English, French, German, Japanese, Russian, and both simplified and traditional Chinese. (Unfortunately, translations may not be perfect, so be prepared for a challenge.) At least 90 correct answers are required to pass. Applicant have 45 minutes to complete the test, and if you fail the first time around (and there’s time left on the clock), you can immediately try a second time.

这个测试有10种语言,包括英语,法语,德语,日语,俄语,以及简体中文和繁体中文。(不幸的是,翻译可能并不完美,所以做好迎接挑战的准备至少需要90个正确答案才能通过。申请人有45分钟的时间来完成考试,如果你第一次考试不及格(时间还有剩),你可以立即尝试第二次。

If you fail on your two attempts, you will be required to wait 30 days before taking it again.

如果你两次尝试都失败了,你将被要求等待30天才能再次尝试。

The Paperwork

文书工作

Here’s what you’ll need to register for the text:

以下是注册文本所需的内容:

1. A valid passport with a valid visa or residence permit, with at least three months remaining on both.

1. 持有有效签证或居留许可的有效护照,两者至少还有三个月的期限。

2. An original household registration (or proof of hotel stay for non-residents).

2. 户口原件(或非居民入住酒店的证明)。

3. Your valid foreign driver’s license and an official Chinese translation of it, stamped with one of those fancy red chops. You will also need a copy of the business license of the translation company, again with a nice red stamp on it.

3.你有效的外国驾照和中文译本,上面盖着一个红印章。你还需要一份翻译公司的营业执照复印件,上面再盖一个红色印章。

4. A Driver’s license health exam (驾驶员体检 jiashiyuan tijian). This is a specialized test required for driving licenses that can be done cheaply at most (but not all) hospitals in Beijing (If you speak Chinese, call ahead and ask if they offer the 驾驶员体检 jiashiyuan tijian exam. If you can’t, have a Chinese-speaking friend call for you). It doesn’t take long — the nurse takes your blood pressure, administers an eye exam and checks to see if you have all the right body parts to drive (including opposable thumbs and at least 3 fingers on each hand). It costs RMB 20, is valid for three months. Bring your passport at the time of application.

4.驾驶证健康检查(驾驶员体检)。这是驾照所需的专门考试,在北京大多数(但不是所有)医院都可以便宜地进行。(如果你会说汉语,请提前打电话询问他们是否提供驾驶员体检考试。如果你不能,让一个说中文的朋友给你打电话)。护士给你量血压,给你做眼科检查,检查你是否有健康的身体可以驾驶(包括一对拇指和每只手至少有三个手指)。费用20元,有效期3个月。申请时请带上护照。

5. A bunch of 1-inch photos with a white background, no headwear. Get them done at one of the myriad copy shops around the city, tell them you need a driver’s license photo (they’ll know the routine). Save yourself some time and do this step last, and while you’re there, make copies of all the documents you’ve collected from the above. The entire licensing process takes about 6 photos; get some spares while you’re at it (the copy shop I went to printed them out in sheets of 9 — which was a bit of overkill — but at least I didn’t come up short).

5.一堆1英寸的照片,白色背景,没有头饰。可以在在城市里无数的复印店之一完成,告诉他们你需要一张驾照照片(他们会知道常规)。为你自己节省一些时间,最后再做这一步,当你在那里的时候,把你从上面收集到的所有文件复印一份。整个授权过程大约需要6张照片,顺便买一些备用的(我去的复印店给我打印了9张——这有点夸张——但至少我没有找不到)。

Registering for the Test

报名参加考试

Armed with all of the above, you may now trek down to the Beijing Motor Vehicle Administration 北京市公安局公安交通管理局 běijīng shì gōngān jú gōngān jiāotōng guǎnlǐ jú (18 South Fourth Ring Road East, Chaoyang District 朝阳区南四环东路18号十八里店南桥, 8762 5150). Unfortunately, it’s not close to any subway station. (The closest subway station is 成寿寺 Chengshousi, where you have to transfer to a bus for another six-stop ride, and then walk a good 420m to the bureau.)

有了以上这些条件,你现在可以步行到北京市机动车管理局北京市公安局公安交通管理局南京市政府管理局(朝阳区南四环东路18号十八里店南桥5150)。不幸的是,这里离任何地铁站都不近。(最近的地铁站是成寿寺,在那里你必须换乘一辆公交车,再坐六站,然后步行420米到局里。)

Please note that there are multiple Motor Vehicle Administration offices in Beijing, but the one listed above is the only one with a Foreign Affairs Section, so you’ll have to trek out there. And at least two trips to this bureaucratic outpost are required to get the license.

请注意,北京有多个机动车管理局办公室,但上面列出的那个是唯一一个有外事部门的,所以你必须长途跋涉去那里。而且至少要到这里两次才能拿到驾照。

Upon arrival, go to the Foreign Affairs Section (涉外业务服务大厅 shewai yewu dating), for which there is no obvious sign. Walk into the main hall, ignore ALL of the windows you see, and take a sharp left, where you’ll eventually see a tiny sign for the bathroom. Walk past this, behind a pillar, head past the bathrooms and you’ll finally see the sign for the Foreign Affairs section.

到达后,前往外事处(涉外业务服务厅),该处没有明显的标志。走进大厅,忽略所有你看到的窗户,然后向左转,最后你会看到一个小小的卫生间标志。走过这里,在一根柱子后面,走过洗手间,你就会看到外交事务部门的标志。

Staff are cordial and speak some English. At the time of registration for your exam, there is a fee of RMB 50. You can pay in cash, WeChat Pay or Alipay.

工作人员很热情,会说一些英语。报名参加考试时,需要缴纳50元人民币的费用。你可以现金支付,微信支付或者支付宝。

All of your documents will then be examined. If they in order, you will be able to register for the exam (though not on the same day). Exams are administered on Tuesdays and Wednesdays at 9.30am or 2pm.

然后你的所有文件都会被检查。如果他们按顺序排好,你就可以注册参加考试(虽然不是在同一天)。考试在星期二和星期三上午9:30或下午2:00举行。

Preparing for the Exam

准备考试

Getting 90 out of 100 questions correct doesnt leave a lot of room for error, especially when failure means a delay in registering for another test, and yet another trip to an inconveniently-located municipal government office.

在100道题目中答对90道并不会留下太多的错误空间,尤其是当失败意味着延迟注册另一个测试,以及再次前往位置不方便的市政府办公室的时候。

Luckily, the free website chinesedrivingtest.com offers English study guides and sample tests. No registration is required, and both the form of the test and content are virtually identical to the actual examination.

幸运的是,免费的网站 chinesedrivingtest. com 提供英语学习指导和测试样本。不需要注册,考试的形式和内容几乎与实际考试相同。

There’s also a few phone apps available that use the actual test questions and keep track of your progress. Laowai Drive Chinese Test is the original and is worth every penny of the few dollars you’ll pay.

还有一些手机应用程序可以使用实际的测试问题并跟踪你的进度。老外驾驶汉语测试是原创的,值得你付出的每一分钱。

You will not likely pass going in unprepared. While about 70% of the questions are common sense (things like Drivers should yield to pedestrians in the crosswalk), the remaining 30% are regarding regulations that drivers from other countries would not normally know, such as specific RMB fines issued for certain traffic violations, or what parts a driver of a semi-truck needs to detach when disconnecting the trailer (the answer, for those curious, is the connectors of the braking lines and cable plugs for lights).

你不太可能毫无准备地通过考试。虽然大约70% 的问题是常识性的(比如司机应该在人行横道上向行人让步) ,但其余30% 的问题涉及其他国家的司机通常不知道的规定,比如对某些交通违规行为处以人民币具体罚款,或者半卡车司机在断开拖车时需要分离哪些部件(对于那些好奇的人来说,答案是刹车线的连接器和灯的电缆插头 )。

If you take the English exam, you’ll also have to parse some weird translations, which in some cases can mean the answers all sound the same. For instance: What’s the difference between a direction line for a driving line and a direction guide line? Who knows, other than the former is judged to be a right answer and the latter is considered wrong.

如果你参加英语考试,你还必须解析一些奇怪的翻译,这在某些情况下可能意味着答案听起来都一样。例如: 行车线的方向线和方向指导线有什么区别?谁知道呢,除了前者被认为是正确的答案,后者被认为是错误的。

How to Study

如何学习

Use the app. It tracks your progress and allows you to review only the ones you get wrong.

使用这个应用程序。它可以追踪你的进展,并且只允许你回顾那些你做错的地方。

In some cases the translations are finicky; don’t worry, just memorize the correct response. For example, check these two very similar questions and note their respective correct answers:

在某些情况下,翻译是很挑剔的; 别担心,只要记住正确的答案就行了。例如,检查这两个非常相似的问题,并注意它们各自的正确答案:

Each 100-question sample test takes about 10-15 minutes to blaze through and tells you the right answer for each question; I took the test about 8 times before scoring my first passing grade of 90; it took me 40 tries to score a perfect 100. On test day I scored 98.

每100个问题的样本测试大约需要10-15分钟才能通过,并告诉你每个问题的正确答案; 我参加了大约8次测试,然后得到了我的第一个及格分数90; 它花了我40次尝试得到一个完美的100分。考试那天我得了98分。

Taking the Test on Test Day

在考试那天参加考试

On the day of your exam, return to the Beijing Motor Vehicle Administration. Bring your passport and the exam ticket you were given when you scheduled your test. Aim to arrive 15 minutes before the test. When the time comes, you’ll be led upstairs into a moribund testing room and assigned a terminal, and you can begin.

考试当天去北京机动车管理局。带上你的护照和考试时发给你的考试通行证。目标是在考试前15分钟到达。当时间到了,你会被带到楼上一个测试室,并被分配一个终端,然后你就可以开始了。

Once youve completed the test, youll get your score immediately at the front of the room. If you’ve passed, you’ll then be instructed to go back downstairs to Window 4 in the foreign affairs section to pay an additional RMB 10 fee.

一旦你完成了考试,你的分数就会立刻出现在教室的最前面。如果你通过了,你将被指示回到楼下外事部的4号窗口,并额外支付10元人民币的费用。

Now you have a choice: return to this office after three working days to collect the license (this is the only part of the process that a designated representative may complete on your behalf), or go to Window 13 in the main room and request EMS courier delivery (RMB 20). Be sure to have your Chinese address handy. Your license will be sent to you after three business days.

现在你有一个选择: 三个工作日后回到这个办公室领取许可证(这是指定代表可以代表你完成的唯一程序),或者去大厅的13号窗口要求特快专递(人民币20元)。一定要把你的中文地址准备好。你的驾照会在三个工作日后寄给你。

Your license is valid for six years, a date that is not tied to the validity of any other document, including your passport, visa, or home country drivers license.

您的驾照有效期为六年,这个日期与任何其他文件的有效期无关,包括您的护照、签证或本国驾照。

event_note 10月 18, 2022

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